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Feeding baby doesnt always come naturally. Understanding not only how to feed baby its important to show the choices that are available and why looking into the benefits of these choices really do support not only baby but the mother too!

Breastfeeding V Bottlefeeding

Costs v Convenience

Breastfeeding Tips

Breastfeeding provides all the nutrients baby needs for the first six months of life

Provides high quality nutrients

Helps protect agains infection up to two years of age or more

Breast milk easy to digest

Baby's body uses breast milk efficiently


Feed within 2 hours of birth

Frequent feeding in the early weeks is important for establishing a good milk supply

Most newborns need to feed 8 – 12+ times per day (24 hours)

You CAN’T feed too often—you CAN feed too little

Feed at the first signs of hunger (stirring, rooting, hands in mouth)

Don’t wait until baby is crying

Allow baby unlimited time at the breast when sucking actively, then offer the second breast

Some newborns are excessively sleepy—wake baby to feed, 2 hours (during the day) or 4 hours (at night)

Being Prepared

Before you feeding baby, have a drink beside you – something thirst quenching like a big glass of water and maybe a little snack

Around 72 hours after the birth, you will notice your breast milk changing. This is commonly described as 'milk coming in.


Breastfeeding works by supply and demand.

Frequent feeding and milk removal mean your breasts will make more milk.

The amount of milk will continue to grow and increase in the first 10 to 14 days to meet your baby's needs.

Its worth trying!

Many mothers struggle to continue breastfeeding, often due to a lack of consistent breastfeeding support. Also, breastfeeding is viewed by many in the UK as largely unnecessary because formula milk is seen as a close second best.

Advertising of breastmilk substitutes (any food or drink that replaces breastmilk) is inadequately regulated, misleading parents and presenting formula feeding as the norm. In addition, breastfeeding is a highly emotive subject because so many families have not breastfed, or have experienced the trauma of trying very hard to breastfeed and not succeeding.

More information about Breastfeeding can be found on MICA - The MasterClass in Childbirth App

Size of Babys Stomach

A parent understanding the size of a baby's stomach helps with peace of mind. Its peace of mind that baby is getting enough to eat


Bottle feeding is an option for those who are struggling to feed baby via the breast. 

Things for mothers to think about is.. 

  • Costs

  • Convenience

Tips for Bottle Feeding


Cradle her head in your arm

Support the head in a semi-upright position

Hold the bottle at an angle making sure no air is sucked in

Quantity: During the first week or so your infant will drink about 1 oz every few hours

2 to 4 oz for the next few weeks after that

Demand feeding

Demand feeding: It's recommended to feed on demand to ensure that your baby is getting enough to eat.

Feed baby when they need it

Formula Feeds

Always read the instructions on the formula

Never ever double up on the powder, thinking it will fill baby

Hungry Baby: There are specially measured baby milk formulas that are for ‘hungry babies’

Never be tempted to put rice or any other filler in the baby’s bottle

Be careful to stick to the one ‘make’ formula. Swapping and changing can aggravate baby’s stomach

More information on Bottle feeding is on MICA - the MasterClass in Childbirth App

Body language


Baby; When baby is full look at her hand, if it's closed into a fist she is full (myth or fact?)

Position: Never feed baby lying down as this could cause an ear infection

Hold your baby often even when not feeding so they don’t associate being held with eating only

Wash your hands before feeding your baby or handling the bottle

Clean: Make sure to wash the bottles and Teats with hot water and soap to keep your baby safe from bacteria

Do Not heat bottles in the microwave - the heat isn't evenly distributed

Do not batch make bottles and store in fridge until needed

Each bottle must be made up fresh as you need them

Bin the milk in the bottles if not drank within an hour - never offer for the next feed

Tap water (not bottled or filtered ) that hasn’t been boiled previously as this can change the mineral content

Boil to 70c- enough to kill any bacteria

Follow the formula instructions

Add the powder to the water attach the cap and teat firmly and shake well to fully dissolve the powder

Test the temperature of the milk – shake well. It should feel slightly warm, never hot

Cool the bottle in a bowl of cold water or put under a running tap

Important to dispose of any formula that is not used after feeding

Apgar Scale

What Is the Apgar Score?

The Apgar score is a test given to newborns soon after birth. This test checks a baby's heart rate, muscle tone, and other signs to see if extra medical care or emergency care is needed.

Babies usually get the test twice: 1 minute after birth, and again 5 minutes after they're born. If there are concerns, a baby may get the test again.

What Does It Check?

The Apgar score measures five things to check a baby's health. Each is scored on a scale of 0 to 2, with 2 being the best score:

  1. Appearance (skin color)

  2. Pulse (heart rate)

  3. Grimace response (reflexes)

  4. Activity (muscle tone)

  5. Respiration (breathing rate and effort)

Baby-Care Assignment 
"If you don't believe in miracles, 
then you may have forgotten you are one!"

Lyra 5.png


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What is Oxytocin responsible for?

What is Progesterone responsible for?

What is prolactin responsible for ?

Five signs are assessed during an Apgar Scale. Which of the following is NOT one of those signs?

A 4 day old appears lethargic. How many wet nappies should the baby have as a min per 24 hour period?

The 4 day old baby in the previous question has not fed at all in the past 8 hours. Which of these poses the greatest risk?

What is the MOST important thing to suggest to the mother of her 4 day old baby if it has not eaten for 8 hours?

What is the EVIDENCE BASED treatment for physiological jaundice?

Do you have any questions for your Tutor?

Baby-Care Assignment



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What are some ways a mother can try and increase her milk supply?

We know breastfeeding helps protect baby against infection - but for how long? 

Which are the following statement is true?

What are the benefits of breastfeeding for the Mother? 

Formula Feeding - which of these statements are true?

Babys can get dehydrated which are the signs of to watch out for? 

Baby-Care Assignment

Simple and Sweet! ​


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MN - Assignment: 4 Childbirth

What are the signs that labour has begun?

Describe some self help tips that mum could use in the early stages of labour

Describe an activity that would help parents knowing when to go to hospital?

Child-Care Assignment: Scenarios

"Preparing ourselves for the unexpected"

When we put ourselves in a scenario that might happen it prepares our minds to 'act'. Hindsight would wonderful thing, so when we are faced with challengers, its good to be cool and be prepared!


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MN - Assignment: 8 Teaching Scenarios

Scenario 1

Scenario 2

Scenario 3

Scenario 4

Scenario 5

Scenario 6

Scenario 7

Do you have any questions for your Tutor?

Scenario 8

Scenario 9


Assignment 10

Assignment 11

Assignment 12

Assignment 13


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MN - Assignment: 13

What are the signs of Pre-Post natal depression?

What is not the sign of a Caesarean Section infection

First day at home with newborn, what would be your first action?

Explain the benefits of skin to skin for both mum and baby

Child-Care Assignment - Observation 

"We can learn so much from others"


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MN - Assignment: 3

What did you enjoy the most about the class?

What did the teacher do that was most effective?

What did the teacher do that was least effective?

Describe one activity that you think worked well

Describe one activity that you think did not work well

Would you recommend this class to clients?

Describe the group members - age, cultural differences, special needs, disabilities?

How effectively do you think the teacher aimed the course topics at the needs of the group?

Describe the groups dynamics - how did the group interact over the period of the course?

How did observing this class affect you as an Educator in how you will teach?

If you have any questions or comments about what you found interesting about the class?

Baby-Care Assignment

"Onc mans experience is a Teachers treasure"


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MN - Assignment 2: Experiences

We gain the best information from others - Interview 3 parents about their birthing experiences

Where did you go through labour?

When did you go to the hospital?

What was the hospital like?

Describe what the contractions felt like

What was the hardest part of labour and birth?

How did the pregnancy change or effect your relationship with your partner?

What did you do during your labour that helped you cope?

Did you attend an Antenatal class either private or NHS? Did you find the information useful? if no - why?

Are there things you know now, that you wished you had known earlier?

Did you feel supported during your labour?

Did you have the same midwife throughout your labour and birth?

What fears did you experience during your pregnancy?

What things did you dream about during your pregnancy?

What were you most looking forward to ?

What aspects of the pregnancy did you enjoy the most?

If you have more than one child how did the pregnancies differ?

For the Educator: What did you learn from this exercise?

Do you have any questions for your tutor?

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