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Visuals Are A Great Way To Teach!

Teaching Tools

Arouse Interest:

Select a question statement, real-life experience or new item that induces interest. – adapt your introduction to the subject of class.

Identify the main point of your teaching: make sure that your introduction makes the subject and purpose of your presentation clear to your listeners

Make it clear why the subject is important /adapt what you say to the practical needs of your listeners. That should be able to clearly understand how the subject can help them personally.

•When preparing your class – make yourself familiar with your clients needs

•Observe activities and surroundings, body language 

Planned C-Sections

Previous Caesarean Sections


Placenta Previa 

Previous surgeries

Fibroid Block

Indication - Maternal Choice

Multiple pregnancy

Caesarean Section During Labour

Conditions that may develop during labour that might put either mother or baby at risk eg: severe infection of the uterus

Baby is Struggling With Labour

ie: drop in heart-rate 

Labour Stops progressing 

Either the cervix does not fully open 

despite contractions or the baby stops moving down the pelvis

Cord Prolapse

Where a portion of the umbilical cord slips through the cervix and is at the front of the baby's head, which can limit blood supply to the baby

Preparing for a Caesarean Section 

At Home

  • No eating solids or drinking non-clear fluids 8 hours before (eg. milk, orange juice, coffee with milk)

  • No drinking clear fluids 3 hours before (eg. water, clear juice)

  • Shower

  • The day before surgery, mum may be asked to shower using a special antibacterial soap to reduce the risk of developing a skin infection after surgery.

  • Jewellery - removal of all jewellery prior to your C-section, including piercings (It is best to leave all valuables at home)

  • Hair removal -  Is not needed. If mum wishes she can trim, wax or shave several days before. *Do not shave your skin immediately before the procedure.

  • Nail polish is permitted

At Hospital

  • Arrive when you are asked to usually 2 HOURS before your surgery time

  • Clothing - mum will be asked to change into a hospital gown

  • Nursing care - mum will have a blood test and and an intravenous (IV) line will be put in the hand to give fluids and medications during surgery.

  • Support person - mum can bring one person into surgery. This person will be asked to wait outside the operating room until you are comfortable and positioned for surgery.


Most C-sections are done with freezing using a spinal/epidural anaesthetic

This is performed by placing a needle in the back, which is removed before surgery starts.

The Doctors will make sure there is no feelings, starting the surgery.

General anaesthetic

Its uncommon, but mum may need to be put to sleep for this surgery, for example in very urgent situations.

The Team

The medical team involved in the surgery, are:

The anaesthetist

Who will be providing freezing during the surgery.

The obstetrician

Who will be performing your C-section.

The surgical assistant

Who is a fellow, resident, or another doctor.

The nursing team

Who will assist with the surgery.

The respiratory therapist

Who will monitor the baby immediately after delivery.


Once the spinal or epidural is working the abdomen will be cleaned with a special cleaning solution.

A small tube (Foley catheter) will be placed inside your bladder to keep it empty for the procedure. This is usually left in until after the surgery.

Mums body will be covered by a sterile sheet to protect you during the surgery.

The team will test mums skin to make sure it's numb. 

At this point mum's support person will join you in the operating room.


A bikini skin incision is made on the lower abdomen.

The muscles are separated (not cut) to access the uterus.

An incision is made in the lower uterus.

At this point, mum will feel pressure while the doctors press on your abdomen to deliver your baby.

At this point, if the baby is crying, the team may proceed with delayed cord clamping.

Generally, baby will be in the room with mum the whole time. 

The baby can be on the warmer, held by your support person, or held on your chest by your support person during the remainder of the surgery.

After the Delivery

After the baby is delivered the placenta is removed.

Then the uterus and the layers of the abdomen are closed.

Usually the skin is closed with a stitch that will slowly dissolve so that you do not have to have the stitches removed. Other options may include a dissolvable glue or staples which require removal.

Sometimes tapes called steri-stips will be placed over the incision and these should be removed 7 days after surgery.

The incision is then covered with a bandage.

Assignment - Caesarean Section

"We are not expected to know everything - but knowing where to go 

for accurate information is essential"


Email Address*

Assignment: C-Section Research

When is a Caesarean Section usually recommended

If a women had a C-section 5 days ago which of the following would be a sign that her scar may be infected?

What could a mother do to reduce the risk of thrombosis following a C-section

How long is the average recovery period?

How many C-Sections can a women safety have?

Explain the Difference between an Emergency C-Section and an Elected C-Section

Explain the Caesarean Section procedure

How is a Caesarean Section incision cared for after birth

 How can a birthing person prepare physically for a Caesarean Section? 

Any questions for the Tutor?

Thank you for submitting your Assignment

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